Declared an Asset of Cultural Interest in 1985.
Alcalá Castle is the result of nearly 4,500 years of human history on the Cerro del Castillo. The oldest archaeological findings take back to the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC), when a small walled town was established at the western end of the hill. It was likely an agricultural settlement that farmed the fertile land of the River Guadaíra. Given the size of this settlement, it likely depended on larger, nearby towns situated on the Mesa de Gandul.
Located near the River Guadaíra, the Castle is probably one of the hallmarks that best define the city of Alcalá de Guadaíra. It is the historical origin of the town, which has expanded over the centuries to become what is the old town today.
The Castle sits on a promontory high enough to dominate its surroundings visually; in the same place where other Bronze Age human settlements existed.
Although the Castile was built under Muslim rule, in the 11th and 12th centuries, its final layout was not completed until King Fernando III’s conquest. Major works continued to be carried out until the late 15th century and early 16th century.
In 1924, it was declared a Monument of Artistic and Historic Interest, and in 1985, it was listed as an Asset of Cultural Interest.
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