The Church was built in 1755 over a 14th-century temple that was destroyed by the so-called Lisbon earthquake. The reconstruction was paid for by the Archbishop of Seville. The temple owes its current appearance to renovations undertaken in the early 19th century.
This 19th-century neoclassical church was built over an earlier 14th-century temple (Shrine to Our Lady of Solitude), demolished in 1800 by the Count of Altamira. The church has a rectangular plan, a central nave and two aisles. The central nave, which is larger than the aisles, is covered with barrel vaults and the aisles with groin vaults.
The building where the Vice-chancellor's Office and the University Schools of Philology and Geography and History are located is one of the noblest in the Spanish university, while at the same time it was originally one of the most splendid representations of the industrial architecture of the old regime.
The early temple must have been built around the middle of the 14th century, responding to the predominant Mudejar aesthetic in the churches of Seville at that time. The passage of time and the damage caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake forced its demolition and subsequent reconstruction, which was completed in October 1841. The neoclassical-style church has two portals.
The 18th-century former Barrack-Garrison and Parish House are noteworthy examples of civil architecture in Peñaflor.
Its layout is typical of the houses at that time, with a central courtyard and two floors. The upper level has a gallery that is used to distribute the rooms.
The church was built in the last third of the 16th century. It was built with masonry and ashlars and consists of a single nave with external buttresses and a polygonal sanctuary. The main neoclassical-style altarpiece has been recomposed and features modern images, such as the Virgen de la Oliva, made by Sebastián Santos, and patron saint of the town.
The temple is somewhat removed from the town’s walled historic quarters. When it was built in the 15th century, it was meant to be a shrine to the Archangel St Michael.
Although it has a core area that is Mudejar, it has undergone multiple renovations, especially in the 18th century, when the choir’s side chapels were added.