The Nature Reserve of the Endorreic Complex of Lebrija-Las Cabezas, together with that of Espera, are the last redoubt of a great lagoon system that ran through the entire countryside between Seville and Cadiz. Human activity has gradually reduced the wetland to the lagoons of La Cigarrera, Galiana, Peña, Pilón, Taraje (the only permanent one) and Charroao, known as Bujadillo or Herradura.
The Laguna del Gosque is an endorheic and seasonal wetland. It is located on flat terrain, in an area of undulating relief and gentle hills, near the Sierra de los Caballos, in the south of the province of Seville.
The Peñón de Zaframagón is located between the towns of Olvera (Cádiz) and Coripe (Seville), in the last foothills of the Grazalema mountain range, where the Sub-Baetic range borders the River Guadalquivir depression.
Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park, located in the north of the province of Seville, is a protected natural area that was declared a natural park in 1989.
This natural enclave is one of the most important in Europe. It is an extremely important wintering, migratory and breeding area for many bird species. Furthermore, it is one of the last havens for endangered wildlife species such as the Imperial eagle or the Iberian lynx.
From a geological point of view, the Malpasillo reservoir is part of the Sub-Baetic unit of the Betic mountain ranges.
The Cordobilla Natural Park, with an area of 1,460 hectares, is located on the River Genil. It is reached by the road that connects Badolatosa with Puente Genil. It is surrounded by agricultural land, in an area where the predominant crops are olive groves, cereals and some other irrigated crops.