The Church was built in 1755 over a 14th-century temple that was destroyed by the so-called Lisbon earthquake. The reconstruction was paid for by the Archbishop of Seville. The temple owes its current appearance to renovations undertaken in the early 19th century.
Founded as a "Museum of Paintings" in 1835, it opened in 1841 with works from confiscated convents and monasteries, occupying the former Convent of La Merced Calzada, founded by San Pedro Nolasco after the conquest of Seville in 1248.
Located in the Plaza de España, the church is a Mudejar-style building with a single nave and simple exterior appearance dating from the 15th and 16th centuries. It has a Gothic doorway from 1400, renovated in 1500. On its façade the remains of a Corinthian style column can be seen.
The Church of San Antonio Abad in Pruna is a splendid baroque building, whose structure (prior to the 16th century) consisting of a single barrel vault, in an undefined style, with a façade at the back (under the choir), was completed in the 17th and 18th centuries. To this nave, the two side naves, the chancel and the magnificent dome of the transept were added.
The church was built in the last third of the 16th century. It was built with masonry and ashlars and consists of a single nave with external buttresses and a polygonal sanctuary. The main neoclassical-style altarpiece has been recomposed and features modern images, such as the Virgen de la Oliva, made by Sebastián Santos, and patron saint of the town.
Much of the cloister of the Monastery of the Incarnation has been converted into a Museum of Sacred Art, which is structured around the main cloister. The Museum consists of 4 rooms that house a significant collection of the Child Jesus, goldwork and notable sculptures.
The museum is located in the old sacristy of the Collegiate Church. Worthy of note is the collection of works made by Ribera (1616-1617) for the Duke of Osuna. There are also several choral books with beautiful Renaissance miniatures in bright colours.