Old gate of the crenellated villa with three semicircular arches.
The “Arco de la Rosa” (Rose Arch), also known as “Puerta de Sevilla” (Seville Gate), is one of the gates of the walled compound, and one of the landmarks that best embody the image of Marchena. This gate and its surrounding buildings were built in 1430, according to a Bull granted by Pope Martin V to promote this work.
Marchena’s Morón Gate was one of the gateways to the old walled city in medieval times.
Commonly known as “Los Cuatro Cantillos”, this gate had a military purpose and was usually closed. Access to the town was through a pointed horseshoe arch framed by an elaborately carved stone alfiz, which looks somewhat different from the original one.
This double, semi-circular, Mudejar-style brick door was likely one of the town’s old gates during the lower medieval period. Inside the arch is a small 18th-century altarpiece with the images of Jesus the Nazarene and Our Lady of the Sun. The picture-perfect arch has become the iconic symbol of Mairena del Alcor, reproduced in paintings, postcards and photographs.
The Muslim town of “Marssen´Ah” enjoyed significant cultural and urban growth. The complex structure of the multiple walled compounds that composed Marchena were consistent with the paradigm of Hispanic-Muslim cities. The main walled-enclosure surrounded the core area of the town, the Medina. The Alcazaba protected the seat of the political and military power.
The Puerta del Tiro was the main entrance to the Alcazar in the Muslim city. It communicated the citadel directly with the “medina”. However, the Islamic gate was extensively transformed. It ultimately became a gateway with direct access to the palace area during the ducal period.
The Puerta de Córdoba is located at the northeast end of Carmona, on a natural watercourse of the Alcor hill. Formerly, it was one of the four gates of the town.
This gate was built in Roman times. The Via Augusta crossed the city from Puerta de Córdoba to Puerta de Sevilla along the Cardo Maximo.