On entering the Natural Park, you will see the silhouette of Alanís standing out against a gentle slope. Its medieval castle at the top and, next to it, the chapel of San Juan are the most distinctive landmarks of the town.
Cazalla is located in the heart of the Natural Park. Its outstanding cultural importance is based on its history, which has provided it with a unique monumental and ethnological wealth.
Human presence in the area of El Pedroso can be dated back to the Palaeolithic period, thanks to the discovery of flint arrowheads. The Neolithic megalithic culture was also present in the area, as has been confirmed by the recent discovery of a tholos. El Pedroso, like most towns in the area, gained importance after the Reconquest.
You move away from the reservoir along the Viar Valley, fertile land used for growing cereals and orange trees.
The origins of this town date back to Roman times. It was a small village, whose main source of wealth came from the marble quarries, called Pagus Marmorarius, which translated from Latin means "village of the marbles".
This shrine was built during the Almohad period. Its construction is dated to 1147-1269. The building was renovated in the 16th century and again in the 19th century.
Ruins are all that remain of the 15th-century Mudejar-style shrine at Castilleja de Talhara farmstead. It is still a remarkable building, given its refined proportions, quality of design and workmanship on door and windows. The shrine was built with bricks and rammed earth, and the windows still preserve some ceramic tiles.