The central area of the Seville’s Sierra Morena is drained by the Rivera del Huéznar, one of the three main rivers of the extensive hydrographic network of this mountain range, and the only one that flows entirely within the province, from its source in San Nicolás del Puerto to its mouth in the Guadalquivir, in the municipality of Tocina.
The Sierra de Montellano, also known as the Sierra de San Pablo, on whose slopes the town is located, is a limestone formation that reaches an altitude of up to 600 m, and which preserves natural vegetation of great interest for a town whose surrounding area is occupied largely by arable crops and olive groves.
The Sierra de Becerrero massif, also called Sierra de Estepa, has been declared a Mountain Area of Environmental Interest, and is located between the towns of Estepa, Gilena, Pedrera and Lora de Estepa, rising sharply from a fairly flat environment.
The cave is located in the Sierra Norte Natural Park.
The Cerro del Hierro, one of the best known and most frequently visited areas of the Sierra Norte Natural Park, is an old open-cast mining site located between the municipalities of San Nicolás del Puerto and Constantina, the southern part of the park belonging to the latter.
The cave is to be found in the surroundings of the Rivera del Huéznar River, in an area formed by Cambrian limestone, which has been perforated by the waters to form the cave.
Los Coscojales, located within the Sierra Norte Natural Park, is a karst area with a gentle, hilly landscape and limestone substrata bored by filtrations and underground water that have produced sinkholes.