Villanueva del Río y Minas has a fascinating industrial heritage, including the so-called Pozo 5 (Mining Shaft 5). This is the best-preserved shaft with the highest aesthetic and archaeological value. The shaft was drilled in 1893, alongside the main production facilities, such as the mining winch, engine house, screens and washers, boiler stacks, boiler rooms, Kaselowsky drainage pump house, sludge ponds and a power station.
Pozo 5 is owned by the Villanueva del Río y Minas Town Council (Seville). It is listed as a Site of Cultural Interest (BIC) under the Historical Site category. Under the Decree 35/2002 of 5 February, it is officially registered as “Las Minas de la Reunión”, located at Villanueva del Río y Minas (Seville).
The power station is the most remarkable building in architectural terms. Both its facilities and equipment feature many regionalist elements. The power station’s power distribution panel was located in the Castillete (turret tower). This well-preserved building blends different architectural styles: Neo-Mudejar-style battlements and Neo-Gothic lancet windows and shields.
The Cabria or Malacate (winch) on the upper floor is a magnificent example of this type of construction. Finished in 1899, this is the only winch that remains. From here, one can see the 70-metre high chimney (1920), and another smaller one next to the power station. Both were used to extract exhaust gases from the boilers.
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