The Mulva-Munigua Archaeological Site is listed as a Site of Cultural Interest (BIC). It is located near Villanueva del Río y Minas, an area of mining tradition in the foothills of the Sierra Morena (Seville).
Although this archaeological site dates back to the 4th century BC, the remains that can be visited today belong to a city from the 1st-3rd century AD. Munigua was probably the largest producer of iron in the Roman Baetica. For a century and a half, it was the political, administrative and religious centre of the Vega del Guadalquivir and the Sierra Norte.
The most emblematic construction at this archaeological site is the majestic Sanctuary on the Sacred Hill, overlooking the whole city. It is dedicated to the goddess Fortune and the demigod Hercules. This settlement is remarkable in that it is commonly found in Lazio (Italy), but rarely in the Iberian Peninsula.
Below the Sanctuary is a small square with a temple on a podium dedicated to the God Mercury.
The city also had buildings commonly found in every Roman town, that is, a forum, a basilica, baths, houses, defensive walls and a necropolis. However, this city did not have the traditional octagonal layout of Roman cities. In this case, the plan followed the natural forms of the Sacred Hill.
Munigua gradually fell into decline despite being awarded the status of Municipium Flavium Muniguense by Emperor Vespasian, who also granted its citizens the right to Roman citizenship.
The mineral resources were depleted by the 4th century, and the Roman population abandoned the city after an earthquake.
Wednesday-Sunday: 10:00 -14:00
Closed: 1 and 6 January, 1 May, 4 Jun (local holiday), 15 August, 6, 24, 25 and 31 December, as well as holidays on Mondays or Tuesdays.
Others holidays on request.
Entry to the archaeological site is not allowed 30 minutes before closing.